Motorcycle-gaadiadvisor
Bikes, TECHNICAL TIPS

Keep Excellent Motorcycle Health

Who doesn’t want to keep their Motorcycle/ Scooters new and healthy? It is a general tendency not to maintain or take care of your motorcycle / scooters after few months or years of purchase. 

Get to know your Motorcycle/Scooter, read the handbook and make sure you understand its features, servicing requirements and the manufacturer’s advice on how best to care for it. A well-maintained and cared-for Motorcycle/Scooter will be more attractive to future buyers. A proper maintenance history will also maximise its value when it comes time to sell it.

Keep all maintenance up to date. Scheduled servicing is set out in the owner’s handbook and by planning ahead you can budget for the cost. Planning ahead will also reduce the inconvenience of having your Bike/Scooter off the road unexpectedly.Basic checks include


Engine oil:

Engine oil plays an important role in ensuring smooth operation and maintenance of the Motorcycle and maintaining a correct engine oil level is important. Check engine oil level regularly. Check for oil leakage. The oil thickens due to carbon deposits creating drag in the movement of engine internals. Running the bike on dirty oil will not only increase fuel consumption but also reduce the life of the engine.


Air Filter:

Keep the air filter clean as dusty conditions in India tend to clog up the filter in no time. Change the air filter at recommended intervals and increase the cleaning frequency in particularly dusty climes.


Clutch:                  

Should be properly adjusted and have the right amount of free play. An over tightened clutch will cause it to slip unnoticeably and increase the fuel consumption while also burning it out quickly.


Engine:   

Regular servicing and tune-ups will keep the engine running like clockwork and reduce your petrol bills. Pay special attention to cleaning the carburetor and maintaining valve clearances. Keep carburetor clean. Every 1500 km, clean out the carburetor float chamber and other parts. Don’t neglect the spark plug, ensure it is clean, the gap is set correctly or replace it if past its prime as it’s the most crucial link in proper combustion.

Clean spark plug regularly, preferably every 750 km for two-stroke bike and every 1,500 km for four-stroke Motorcycle. Most modern Motorcycle require the choke to be used on cold starts as they run lean to meet emission norms as well as fuel efficiency requirements.

Check Spark Plug cables regularly for kinks, bends and frayed ends. Especially check ends. If one or more strands appear broken, replace immediately.


Transmission System:

A bike’s chain needs regular lubrication, cleaning and adjustment. Wash the chain with paraffin, a soft brush and a piece of cloth and remove the dirt accumulated in the chain. Don’t use water as it might rust the chain links. After the dirt is cleaned with the brush and paraffin wipe the chain with a clean dry cloth. Lubricate the chain links and the chain with used engine oil. Check if your bike’s chain has a free play of 2-4 mm in general by moving the chain up and down in a vertical direction with your fingers. Your bike’s chain must have the correct tension and free play of the rear wheel. If the tension is more the chain wont power the rear wheel smoothly during motion. If in case the chain is loose, the power delivery from the engine to the rear wheel won’t be optimal and there will be loss of power due to slippage. Take the bike to your mechanic or service center and get it adjusted to the manufacturer’s specifications.

  • Never over rev your RPM going at high-speeds continuously, as it may damage your bike’s engine.
  • Never shift your bike from fifth gear to first gear instantaneously because it damages the piston rings.

Brakes:

Keep both brakes properly spaced. Keeping them too tight (too urgent), or too loose (too late) is dangerous. Brakes should be tightened as per the rider’s personal style and requirement. Get your bike’s brake pads replaced (front) if screeching sound persists, as sometimes it happens due to lack of oil also.

  • Change your bike’s fork oil once in every 12000 kilometers.
  • Check sprockets and replace them if necessary (wear out limit 40000 kilometers).
  • Try and maintain a speed of 40 to 60 kilometers.
  • Always ensure that the tax is paid and Insurance cover (Insurance policy) is within validity period. Keep Tax Receipt and Insurance policy at home and keep Photo copy with bike.

Battery:          

The motorcycle battery needs periodical maintenance to ensure a long and trouble free life. Top up with distilled water whenever required.

Check for any leakage from battery. It should be clean and free from any leakages. In case of non-use of motorcycle, battery should be kept fully charged.

  • Check the electrolyte level
  • Top up only with distilled or deionized water, wear gloves and protective glasses. Top up in a well ventilated area, Beware of fumes.
  • Keep the top free of grime
  • Check cables, clamps, and case for obvious damage or loose connections
  • Clean terminals and connectors as necessary
  • Check inside for excessive sediment, sulfation or mossing
  • Finish up by testing the battery with either a hydrometer or voltmeter. To extend the service life of your battery, make monthly battery maintenance part of your routine.

Use only distilled or deionized water, NOT tap water. Tap water has minerals in it that will not do the battery any good.


 Tyres:                  

Regularly check tyre condition and air pressure. Ensure tyre pressures are maintained at manufacturer recommended levels. Check your tyres for cuts and scrapes on your tires, which could cause a blowout. Also check the tyre treads once a week and have the wheels balanced and the alignment checked if the wear is uneven.


Cleaning:

Clean the two-wheeler body surface regularly to maintain the surface finish. Before cleaning the motorcycle, ensure that the ignition switch unit, H.T. Coil and silencer are covered using plastic sheets. Avoid exposing it to direct sunlight, try parking your bike near some shade because it becomes dull if exposed to frequent sunlight.

Clean the motorcycle using low-pressure water. All painted surfaces should be washed only with water, as kerosene or detergent will damage the paint


Riding Speed:

Try and maintain a riding speed of 40 to 60 kilometres to reduce the fuel consumption as well as to keep the bike in good health.


Keep Insurance:                           

Always ensure that the tax is paid and Insurance cover (Insurance policy) is within validity period. Keep Tax Receipt and Insurance policy at home and keep xerox copy in bike.

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